Pruning at Fikardos Vineyards, how and why do we do it?

Pruning is one of the most important tasks in the vineyard. If done right the quality of our grapes can increase substantially. Pruning helps us fully ripen our grapes, create uniform vineyards and keep grapes free from diseases and pests.

At Fikardos winery most of our private vineyards are trained with the double cordon system and spur pruned. This means our grapevines are planted in straight lines and its cordons are supported by a horizontal trellises system. Spur pruning means that the shoots from the previous year are cut back to a spur with one, two or three buds.

The old vineyards are trained with the traditional goblet system and again spur pruned. This was the preferred training method by the old-timers in Cyprus, it was easy to maintain and protected the grapes from high temperatures and direct sun exposure.

Goblet training system, fikardos winery illustration
Goblet training, Fikardos Winery

But not all varieties are pruned the same way. For example Maratheftiko and Giannoudi are both very vigorous. Vigorous vines will produce less grapes if not managed properly. All the effort of the plant is transferred towards the creation of new shoots and not for the development and ripening of fruit. In addition the excess growth creates more shade which again prevents our grapes from ripening. In this case we want more canes and more buds in order to limit vegetative growth. On the other hand grape varieties like Mataro are not so vigorous and need to be pruned more severely.

At the moment we are pruning our Mataro vineyards in Pano Arodes and next will be our Maratheftiko and Xynisteri vineyards. Until now we had plenty of rain which is always a good in Cyprus. If this continues we will have a very good year.

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